NEANDERTHAL 350000-400000

Neanderthal_crop A

Comparison of the DNA of Neanderthals and Homo sapiens suggests that they diverged from a common ancestor between 350,000 and 400,000 years ago. This ancestor is not certain, but was probably Homo heidelbergensis (sometimes called Homo rhodesiensis). Heidelbergensis originated between 800,000 and 1,300,000 years ago, and continued until about 200,000. It ranged over east and South Africa, Europe and west Asia. Between 350,000 and 400,000 years ago the African branch is thought to have started evolving towards modern humans and the European branch towards Neanderthals. Scientists do not agree when Neanderthals can first be recognised in the fossil record, with dates ranging 200,000 and 300,000 years BP.


“The word is derived from the Japanese
word mono (物?), which means "thing", and aware (哀れ?),
which was a Heian period expression of measured surprise
(similar to "ah" or "oh"), translating
roughly as "pathos", "poignancy", "
deep feeling", or "sensitivity", or "aware".
Thus, mono no aware has frequently been translated as "
the 'ahh-ness' of things", life, and love.
Awareness of the transience of all things heightens appreciation
of their beauty, and evokes a gentle sadness at their passing.


Pondering the past, wondering about who we are as human beings, and attempting to decipher the code of human heritage are all components of the research found at human journey. We live in a time unprecedented in human history when, and where we are able to use science as a tool to refine our understanding of the past, unlocking the code of human evolution.

Werner Herzog, and his recent film, Cave of Forgotten Dreams points to an earlier time in human history, a time when humans had a capacity for art, long before most of us think of human beings as the artists we have become in the twenty first century.

Thank you to all who put these ideas into the ethers, and for all of the great educators who continue to propel our understanding of things.

best, dk

חלמתי חלום חיים: דמיינתי תוף גדול ויפה למלא את העולם עם זוהר אור.

חלמתי חלום חיים: דמיינתי תוף גדול ויפה למלא את העולם עם זוהר אור.

Listed above is the title for one of the pieces that will be illustrated on the front cover of the Jaffa Museum catalog. LIGHTS IN THE WINTER EXHIBITION (December 2011)

In English it means:

I dreamed a vivid dream: I imagined a large and beautiful drum filling the world with glowing light.

Old Jaffa Antiquities Museum
10 Mifratz Shlomo St. Old Jaffa.-TEL-AVIV